Project “Sustainability measures for water-related ecosystems in the Lower Dniester Ramsar Site” financed by ADC
The project activities were done entirely according to the timetable and all results were achieved. Thus, in the period December 2014 – November 2017 the folowing activities were done:
Expected Result 1. Priority measures to improve water supply systems in Popeasca and Talmaza Villages are implemented, ensuring equal access to water for women and men.
The selected entity conducted feasibility study about the priority measures for improvements in water supply systems in the Popeasca and Talmaza Villages.
Study in Popeasca Village has confirmed the substitution of the leaking (due to strong corrosion) water reservoirs as the first priority in order to stop the permanent water losses and extra costs for that. The next priorities include: 1) reconstruction of water supply network in the central part of the village (about 3 km length); 2) engineering design, construction and extension of sewage system.
Study in Talmaza Village has revealed that construction of the new distribution network in the central (5th) sector of water supply is the first priority. The next priorities are: 1) reconstruction of water reservoirs in the water supply sectors 1, 3 and 4; 2) engineering design and construction of sewage systems.
Reports on the both villages indicate the necessity of installation of equipment for control of water supply and consumption and evaluation of costs for the priority measures.
Public authority of the Popeasca Villages had contracted a licensed engineering design entity (“SRL ANGION”) and paid for engineering design of water reservoirs (with necessary permissions).
Based on this design two water reservoirs (50 m3 and 25 m3) were constructed in Popeasca village by a selected entity. Also some territory arrangement works were done around the water reservoirs in Popeasca. Local population expressed their satisfaction during local meetings and gratitude that the quality of water is better now. The water reservoirs will be supervised and maintained by the Popeasca Mayoralty that is interested in the long functioning of the system.
Also in the frame of this activity individual water metter in the central sector of Talmaza village (Stefan Voda district) were installed. The local persons that got the water meters are satisfied that now they will pay for what they use and won’t pay according to some unknown rules as earlier. Also this makes easier the control of water use for local communal enterprise.
Expected Result 2. Vulnerable part of Cioburciu village is protected from losses caused by floods.
The selected entity has conducted the geodesic investigation of the area of anti-flood system and adjacent land and mapped these, prepared soil and hydrological reports, and produced the engineering design project. Cioburciu mayoralty provided co-financing. Based on the design project construction works were done till November 2016. Civil works have been done and strong showers of May 2016 had demonstrated that about 255 inhabitants (including 84 women and 99 children) and school (290 of pupils) are protected from torrential floods. A letter of gratitude was sent in the address of BIOTICA and ADA from the local population that live in that part of the village. The construction was transmitted to the Mayoralty of Cioburciu that has the interest to maintain this system, as the financial sources that were paid earlier as damages to the flooded husbandries were quite high. Now this money may be used for village development.
Expected Result 3. First regulated spawning place in Moldova is technically operational under MANR responsibility and the second spawning place is substantiated and planned.
The selected entity has constructed two water locks on the Turunciuc Island and provided relevant territorial planning in conformity with engineering design project produced during the first project financed by ADC. The area of the spawning place varies from about 4 ha up to 19 ha dependently on water levels.
Location for the second regulated spawning place was selected on Kuta [Kutsa] Island between Turunciuc branches near Nezavertailovca Village, in the work cooperation with central environmental authority of Transdniestria. Scientific-practical substantiation for the regulated spawning place on Kuta Island has been developed as the result of their work, and management recommendations drafted. Expected area of the spawning place is about 50 ha and general relief is favourable.
Expected Result 4. Ecological capacities of the Talmaza Wetland core area of international importance and of riverside protective bands in Transdniestrian part of the LDRS are improved.
Work map was prepared for the field investigations in Talmaza Wetland. Experts have prepared recommendations on the forest planting. Selection of the planting areas on the left Dniester River bank has been done also.
Entities for planting works were selected for the right and left Dniester banks on the tender basis. On the left bank 7 ha of planting has been carried out on the Turunciuc Island substituting old and degraded plantation in riverside. Species composition for planting include white poplar, willow, ash, elm, Mahaleb cherry, black alder and shrubs. On the right bank the works started with autumn soil preparation on the total planting area in Talmaza Wetland – 14.4 ha on four parcels; that work is on-going. planting of 1 ha – oak and ash (spring 2016); planting of 3.8 ha – willow; 2 ha – poplar and elm (autumn 2016); planting of 1 ha was done on the parcel where major part based on oak should be planted later. Thus, 7.8 ha are planted.
Expected Result 5. Awareness of and attention to strengthened LDRS management is improved among officials and citizens (women and men).
The team of sociologists has prepared the background documents for the sociologic study and co-agreed with the project core team. Studies were conducted in six villages (mainly of Stefan Voda District) during July – August 2015.
The study in Romanian can be found HERE.
Major conclusions of the study are:
- The population of the Lower Dniester communities is not informed sufficiently about Ramsar Site and creation of the Lower Dniester National Park and does not know what that presupposes.
- Socially active people who interact frequently with the public authorities know about intention to create the National Park, but do not know details.
- Mayors who keep mandates longer than one duty and persons collaborating with BIOTICA in various projects are the best informed category in this respect.
- Knowledge available to population regarding the National Park is fragmentary and sporadic.
- Although local knowledge is scarce and contradictory it varies between two extremes: the National Park is to protect flora and fauna in favour of people in the area, or the Park is to forbid access of population in the area.
- Socially active women population has a knowledge regarding the National Park but the knowledge is not sufficient while socially passive females have no information.
- Socially active men population has sufficient information though it is not complete while socially passive men have some information that is received informally.
- Women have more romantic views on the National Park while men have a pragmatic vision: women perceive the Park as an area to escape from the daily routine, men look rather an opportunity to gain; women associate the Park with public gardens, while men – with the provision of leisure services.
- There are no important differences in attitudes in terms of gender, but women tend to join to already formed attitudes of other persons who have a relevant knowledge; in the most cases these persons are men.
- People do not believe to central authorities while the local authorities enjoy more confidence.
- People who want creation of the National Park: men – about 47%, women – 29%; people who are against the National Park or cannot explain their desire: men – about 9%, women – 15%.
The Sociologic Team revealed some obstacles (many of these are determined by people misunderstanding), expectations of people and authorities, farmers and business representatives as well as means of information dissemination preferable for population. On these grounds the Team has produced recommendations on awareness raising, communication and public involvement (near 51% of men and 44% would like to take a part in creation of the Lower Dniester National Park.
Presentation of the sociological study
Banner with zoning scheme of the Ramsar Site and explanations is done and delivered to mayors who installed it in public-available places in the villages of the Lower Dniester site. Four leaflets were prepared taking into account the study results and recommendations: 1) about the project purposes and expected results (mainly disseminated); 2) about project current developments (issued); 3) on the religious (Eastern Church) support to environment protection (in printing house); 4) major questions (delusions) of local people and explanations (in printing house). A popular brochure about the Ramsar Site, necessity and ways to strengthen its management is drafted. Some publications in newspapers were done.